Quantitative optical coherence tomography angiography biomarkers for neovascular agerelated macular degeneration in remission

Florence Coscas, Diogo Cabral, Telmo Pereira, Carlos Geraldes, Hemaxi Narotamo, Alexandra Miere, Marco Lupidi, Alexandre Sellam, Ana Papoila, Gabriel Coscas, Eric Souied

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Abstract

Purpose To characterize quantitative optical coherence tomography angiography (OCT-A) parameters in active neovascular age-related macular degeneration (nAMD) patients under treatment and remission nAMD patients. Design Retrospective, cross-sectional study. Participants One hundred and four patients of whom 72 were in Group 1 (active nAMD) and 32 in Group 2 (remission nAMD) based on SD-OCT (Spectral Domain OCT) qualitative morphology. Methods This study was conducted at the Centre Ophtalmologique de l'Odeon between June 2016 and December 2017. Eyes were analyzed using SD-OCT and high-speed (100 000 Ascans/ second) 1050-nm wavelength swept-source OCT-A. Speckle noise removal and choroidal neovascularization (CNV) blood flow delineation were automatically performed. Quantitative parameters analyzed included blood flow area (Area), vessel density, fractal dimension (FD) and lacunarity. OCT-A image algorithms and graphical user interfaces were built as a unified tool in Matlab coding language. Generalized Additive Models were used to study the association between OCT-A parameters and nAMD remission on structural OCT. The models' performance was assessed by the Akaike Information Criterion (AIC), Brier Score and by the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC). A p value of ≤ 0.05 was considered as statistically significant. Results Area, vessel density and FD were different (p<0.001) in the two groups. Regarding the association with CNV activity, Area alone had the highest AUC (AUC = 0.85; 95%CI: 0.77-0.93) followed by FD (AUC = 0.80; 95%CI: 0.71-0.88). Again, Area obtained the best values followed by FD in the AIC and Brier Score evaluations. The multivariate model that included both these variables attained the best performance considering all assessment criteria. Conclusions Blood flow characteristics on OCT-A may be associated with exudative signs on structural OCT. In the future, analyses of OCT-A quantitative parameters could potentially help evaluate CNV activity status and to develop personalized treatment and follow-up cycles.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere0205513
JournalPLoS ONE
Volume13
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 9 Oct 2018

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