Punching behaviour of RC flat slabs under reversed horizontal cyclic loading

André F O Almeida, Micael M G Inácio, Válter J G Lúcio, António Pinho Ramos

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Citations (Scopus)


The aim of this work is to study the behaviour of reinforced concrete flat slab structures under combined vertical and horizontal cyclic loading. A total of five specimens were cast and tested: a control specimen was punched without eccentricity, one specimen was tested under constant vertical loading and monotonically increased eccentricity until failure and the remaining three were tested under constant vertical load, at different shear ratios, and cyclic horizontal loading with increasing horizontal drift ratios. All slabs were similar, measuring 4.25 × 1.85 × 0.15 m3. The reinforced concrete slab specimens were connected to two steel half columns by 0.25 × 0.25 m2 rigid steel plates, prestressed against the slab using steel bolts, to ensure monolithic behaviour. The cyclic tests were performed using an innovative test setup that allows bending moment redistribution, line of inflection mobility, assures equal vertical displacements at the North-South borders and symmetrical shear forces. Results show that cyclic horizontal actions are very harmful to the slab-column connection, resulting in low horizontal drifts and energy dissipation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)204-219
Number of pages16
JournalEngineering Structures
Publication statusPublished - 15 Jun 2016


  • Cyclic horizontal action
  • Flat slab
  • Punching


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