Protein haze formation in wines revisited. The stabilising effect of organic acids

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The effect on the wine protein haze potential of five organic acids commonly encountered in wines (L(+)-tartaric, L(-)-malic, citric, succinic and gluconic acids) was assessed. All five acids, tested at 20 mM, reduced dramatically the haze potential of proteins, either in wine or dissolved in water, throughout the range of pH values typical of wines (i.e., from 2.8 through 3.8). Subtle differences among the acid effects did not correlate with the number of their carboxyl groups, but were attributed to electrostatic interactions that depend upon the acid pK(a) values, the protein pI values and the medium pH. These results invalidate or question the validity of all experiments on wine proteins involving wine model solutions containing organic acids. Overall, the results obtained in the present work clearly indicate that organic acids with a common occurrence in wines exhibit a stabilising effect upon the haze potential of the wine proteins.
Original languageUnknown
Pages (from-to)1067-1075
JournalFood Chemistry
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2010

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