The present work addresses the role of two ortho-substituted Mn(III) N-alkylpyridylporphyrins, alkyl being ethyl in MnTE-2-PyP5 and n-hexyl in MnTnHex-2-PyP5, on the protection against the oxidant tert-butylhydroperoxide (TBHP). Their protective role was studied in V79 cells using endpoints of cell viability (MTT and crystal violet assays), intracellular O2• generation (dihydroethidium assay) and glutathione status (DTNB and monochlorobimane assays). MnPs per se did not show cytotoxicity (up to 25 μM, 24 h). The exposure to TBHP resulted in a significant decrease in cell viability and in an increase in the intracellular O2• levels. Also, TBHP depleted total and reduced glutathione and increased GSSG. The two MnPs counteracted remarkably the effects of TBHP. Even at low concentrations, both MnPs were protective in terms of cell viability and abrogated the intracellular O2• increase in a significant way. Also, they augmented markedly the total and reduced glutathione contents in TBHP-treated cells, highlighting the multiple mechanisms of protection of these SOD mimics, which at least in part may be ascribed to their electron-donating ability.
- Superoxide dismutase mimetic
- Tert- butylhydroperoxide