There is a substantial difference between traditional industrial systems and systems resultant from emerging production paradigms in terms of both conceptualization and implementation. Backwards compatibility is fundamental in assessing the potential transitional period whereby legacy technology will operate under the conceptual framework of modern approaches. However, before this point can be reached it is necessary to further investigate, assess and quantify the behavior of modern approaches that increasingly rely in self-organization. This article's goal is to give an overview of the behavioral assessment problematic, in the context of self-organizing mechatronic systems, and provide a discussion on opportunities to explore rule-extraction techniques to better understand the influence of design and configuration on the overall system behavior. Although the discussion widely applies to almost all emerging production paradigms the Evolvable Production System paradigm is used as case to bring context and clarity to the discussion.