Project scheduling with flexible resources: Formulation and inequalities

Isabel Correia, Lídia Lampreia Lourenço, Francisco Saldanha-da-Gama

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

53 Citations (Scopus)


In this paper, we study a variant of the resource-constrained project scheduling problem in which resources are flexible, i. e., each resource has several skills. Each activity in the project may need several resources for each required skill. We present a mixed-integer linear programming formulation for this problem. Several sets of additional inequalities are also proposed. Due to the fact that some of the above-mentioned inequalities require a valid upper bound to the problem, a heuristic procedure is proposed. Computational experience is reported based on randomly generated data, showing that for instances of reasonable size the proposed model enlarged with the additional inequalities can be solved efficiently.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)635-663
Number of pages29
JournalOr Spectrum
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2012


  • Mixed-integer linear programming
  • Multi-skilled resources
  • Project scheduling


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