Production of oncolytic adenovirus and human mesenchymal stem cells in a single-use, Vertical-Wheel bioreactor system: Impact of bioreactor design on performance of microcarrier-based cell culture processes

Marcos F Q Sousa, Marta M. Silva, Daniel Giroux, Yas Hashimura, Robin Wesselschmidt, Brian Lee, António Roldão, Manuel J T Carrondo, Paula M. Alves, Margarida Serra

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

38 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Anchorage-dependent cell cultures are used for the production of viruses, viral vectors, and vaccines, as well as for various cell therapies and tissue engineering applications. Most of these applications currently rely on planar technologies for the generation of biological products. However, as new cell therapy product candidates move from clinical trials towards potential commercialization, planar platforms have proven to be inadequate to meet large-scale manufacturing demand. Therefore, a new scalable platform for culturing anchorage-dependent cells at high cell volumetric concentrations is urgently needed. One promising solution is to grow cells on microcarriers suspended in single-use bioreactors. Toward this goal, a novel bioreactor system utilizing an innovative Vertical-Wheel™ technology was evaluated for its potential to support scalable cell culture process development. Two anchorage-dependent human cell types were used: human lung carcinoma cells (A549 cell line) and human bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (hMSC). Key hydrodynamic parameters such as power input, mixing time, Kolmogorov length scale, and shear stress were estimated. The performance of Vertical-Wheel bioreactors (PBS-VW) was then evaluated for A549 cell growth and oncolytic adenovirus type 5 production as well as for hMSC expansion. Regarding the first cell model, higher cell growth and number of infectious viruses per cell were achieved when compared with stirred tank (ST) bioreactors. For the hMSC model, although higher percentages of proliferative cells could be reached in the PBS-VW compared with ST bioreactors, no significant differences in the cell volumetric concentration and expansion factor were observed. Noteworthy, the hMSC population generated in the PBS-VW showed a significantly lower percentage of apoptotic cells as well as reduced levels of HLA-DR positive cells. Overall, these results showed that process transfer from ST bioreactor to PBS-VW, and scale-up was successfully carried out for two different microcarrier-based cell cultures. Ultimately, the data herein generated demonstrate the potential of Vertical-Wheel bioreactors as a new scalable biomanufacturing platform for microcarrier-based cell cultures of complex biopharmaceuticals. Biotechnol. Prog., 31:1600-1612, 2015

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1600-1612
Number of pages13
JournalBiotechnology Progress
Volume31
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2015

Keywords

  • Anchorage-dependent cell cultures
  • HMSC
  • Microcarriers
  • Onco-Ad5
  • Scalability
  • Single-use bioreactor
  • Vertical-wheel bioreactor

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