Process developments in FSW

Telmo G. Santos, Jorge Martins, Luis Mendes, Rosa M. Miranda

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review


FSW and processing have largely evolved in recent years in terms of process knowledge, materials processed and industrial applications. Considering process developments friction stir has been studied in an hybrid welding process associated with electric current for welding Al based alloys. In this variant a temperature increase due to Joule effect was seen to improve the viscoplasticity of base material without affecting metallurgical characteristics, reducing lack of penetration, which is detrimental for fatigue resistance. Diffusion welding triggered by FSW, named friction stir diffusion welding (FSDW) has also been investigated to join materials with very distinctive properties as copper to stainless steel preventing the formation of brittle intermetallics and improving joining efficiency using downward force of 5,500 N, rotation speed of 1,800rpm and travel speed of 90mm/min. The same variant was tested to produce sandwich, or composite, materials as Al reinforced with NiTi ribbons taking advantage of the high conductive soft Al material and the damping capacity and high mechanical resistance shown by NiTi. A good embedment of the reinforcing material under appropriate processing conditions was seen due to the viscoplastic material flow around the NiTi. This paper aims at presenting some applications involving FSW and its variants in distinct industrial applications.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 8th International Conference on Management Science and Engineering Management - Focused on Computing and Engineering Management
Number of pages7
ISBN (Electronic)9783642551215
Publication statusPublished - 2014
Event8th International Conference on Management Science and Engineering Management, ICMSEM 2014 - Lisboa, Lisbon, Portugal
Duration: 25 Jul 201427 Jul 2014
Conference number: 8th

Publication series

NameAdvances in Intelligent Systems and Computing
ISSN (Print)21945357


Conference8th International Conference on Management Science and Engineering Management, ICMSEM 2014
Abbreviated titleICMSEM 2014
Internet address


  • Composites
  • Diffusion joining assisted by FSW
  • FSW
  • Process development


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