Printed, Highly Stable Metal Oxide Thin-Film Transistors with Ultra-Thin High-κ Oxide Dielectric

Emanuel Carlos, Jaakko Leppäniemi, Asko Sneck, Ari Alastalo, Jonas Deuermeier, Rita Branquinho, Rodrigo Martins, Elvira Fortunato

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

53 Citations (Scopus)


Lately, printed oxide electronics have advanced in the performance and low-temperature solution processability that are required for the dawn of low-cost flexible applications. However, some of the remaining limitations need to be surpassed without compromising the device electronic performance and operational stability. The printing of a highly stable ultra-thin high-κ aluminum-oxide dielectric with a high-throughput (50 m min−1) flexographic printing is accomplished while simultaneously demonstrating low-temperature processing (≤200 °C). Thermal annealing is combined with low-wavelength far-ultraviolet exposure and the electrical, chemical, and morphological properties of the printed dielectric films are studied. The high-κ dielectric exhibits a very low leakage-current density (10−10 A cm−2) at 1 MV cm−1, a breakdown field higher than 1.75 MV cm−1, and a dielectric constant of 8.2 (at 1 Hz frequency). Printed indium oxide transistors are fabricated using the optimized dielectric and they achieve a mobility up to 2.83 ± 0.59 cm2 V−1 s−1, a subthreshold slope <80 mV dec−1, and a current ON/OFF ratio >106. The flexible devices reveal enhanced operational stability with a negligible shift in the electrical parameters after ageing, bias, and bending stresses. The present work lifts printed oxide thin film transistors a step closer to the flexible applications of future electronics.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1901071
JournalAdvanced Electronic Materials
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2020


  • flexographic printing
  • high-κ oxide dielectrics
  • inkjet printing
  • oxide thin-film transistors
  • roll-to-roll compatibility


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