Primary antipholipid syndrome: pregnancy outcome in a portuguese population

Fátima Serrano, Isabel Nogueira, Augusta Borges, Jorge Branco

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17 Citations (Scopus)
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Abstract

Introduction: Women with antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) may suffer from recurrent miscarriage, fetal death, fetal growth restriction (FGR), pre-eclampsia, placental abruption, premature delivery and thrombosis. Treatment with aspirin and low molecular weight heparin (LMWH) combined with close maternal-fetal surveillance can change these outcomes. Objective: To assess maternal and perinatal outcome in a cohort of Portuguese women with primary APS. Patients and Methods: A retrospective analysis of 51 women with primary APS followed in our institution (January 1994 to December 2007). Forty one (80.4%) had past pregnancy morbidity and 35.3% (n=18) suffered previous thrombotic events. In their past they had a total of 116 pregnancies of which only 13.79% resulted in live births. Forty four patients had positive anticardiolipin antibodies and 33 lupus anticoagulant. All women received treatment with low dose aspirin and LMWH. Results: There were a total of 67 gestations (66 single and one multiple). The live birth rate was 85.1% (57/67) with 10 pregnancy failures: seven in the first and second trimesters, one late fetal death and two medical terminations of pregnancy (one APS related). Mean (SD) birth weight was 2837 +/- 812 g and mean gestational age 37 +/- 3.3 weeks. There were nine cases of FGR and 13 hypertensive complications (4 HELLP syndromes). 54.4% of the patients delivered by caesarean section. Conclusions: In our cohort, early treatment with aspirin and LMWH combined with close maternal-fetal surveillance was associated with a very high chance of a live newborn.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)492-497
Number of pages6
JournalActa reumatologica portuguesa
Volume34
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2009

Keywords

  • Primary Antiphospholipid Syndrome
  • Aspirin
  • Low Molecular Weight Heparin
  • Pregnancy
  • Outcome

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