Prevalence of Ostertagia ostertagi lesions in slaughtered dairy cattle from São Miguel Island, Azores, Portugal.

J Mendes, C Pinto, S Bernardo, JR Lima, C Maia

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Abstract

Ostertagiosis caused by Ostertagia ostertagi is considered the most important parasitosis in dairy cattle raised in temperate areas. The aim of this investigation was to determinate the prevalence of ostertagiosis in cattle slaughtered in São Miguel Island (SMI), Azores, the geographical distribution of positive cases, its economic impact and farmers awareness regarding preventive and control measurements against this parasitosis. From the 2000 animals sampled, 1282 presented lesions compatible with ostertagiosis representing a prevalence of 49.0% in young animals and 75.7% in adults. Positive animals had significantly worse carcass rating when slaughtered and the fat rating of positive uncastrated males older than 24 months was also significantly lower. The presence of lesions compatible with ostertagiosis resulted in a total weight loss of 2.810.89 kg (2.19 kg mean weight loss per animal – 1.07% carcass weight drop), which extrapolating to the total of animals slaughtered in SMI in 2014 corresponds to a value of losses of roughly about 91.000.00€. Our data also indicate that ostertagiosis has a widespread distribution throughout the Island and that 85.7% of the farmers dewormed calves and 42.9% dewormed cows (only one administration was provided for each deworming). Data shows that ostertagiosis represents an important economical lost in dairy cattle from SMI and a significant lack of knowledge by farmers about the benefits of deworming and preventive management practices.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)60-65
JournalVeterinary Parasitology: Regional Studies and Report
Volume3-4
Publication statusPublished - 2016

Keywords

  • Ostertagia ostertagi
  • Ostertagiosis
  • São Miguel Island
  • Azores
  • Economical losses

UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)

  • SDG 3 - Good Health and Well-Being

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