Prevalence, awareness, treatment and control of diabetes in Portugal

results from the first National Health examination Survey (INSEF 2015)

on behalf of the INSEF Research Group

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

 Aims: Diabetes Mellitus is a major public health threat worldwide and continues to increase in numbers and significance. Estimates of diabetes prevalence, awareness, treatment and control are essential to effectively monitor its trends, plan and evaluate interventions. Methods: We conducted a nationwide health examination survey in the population residing in Portugal aged between 25 and 74 years old in 2015. It consisted in a cross sectional prevalence study which included the measurement of HbA1c, a physical examination and a general health interview of a probabilistic sample of 4911 individuals (Authorization n°9348/2010 of the National Committee for Data Protection). Results: The overall prevalence of diabetes was 9.9% (95%CI: 8.4; 11.5). It was higher in males than in females (12.1% vs 7.8%). Diabetes was more prevalent among individuals of lower education and without any professional activity. The majority of persons with diabetes was aware of their condition (87.1%) and was taking antidiabetic medication (79.7%). Of these, 63.2% had glycated hemoglobin levels lower than 7.0% (53 mmol/mol), but the majority failed to comply with the LDL and blood pressure recommended clinical targets (71.9% and 59.0%). Similarly, the prevalence of prediabetes was 16%, higher among women than men (17.5% vs 14.4%). Conclusion: The prevalence of diabetes and prediabetes remains higher than the global and European estimates, although there is increasing awareness of this disorder.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)271-278
Number of pages8
JournalDiabetes Research and Clinical Practice
Volume140
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2018

Fingerprint

Portugal
Health Surveys
Prediabetic State
Cross-Sectional Studies
Computer Security
Glycosylated Hemoglobin A
Therapeutics
Hypoglycemic Agents
Physical Examination
Diabetes Mellitus
Public Health
Interviews
Blood Pressure
Education
Health
Population

Keywords

  • Diabetes
  • Epidemiology
  • Glycemic control
  • HbA1c
  • INSEF
  • Portugal
  • Prevalence

Cite this

@article{76d07ab040854f778f86d26b9cd5e936,
title = "Prevalence, awareness, treatment and control of diabetes in Portugal: results from the first National Health examination Survey (INSEF 2015)",
abstract = " Aims: Diabetes Mellitus is a major public health threat worldwide and continues to increase in numbers and significance. Estimates of diabetes prevalence, awareness, treatment and control are essential to effectively monitor its trends, plan and evaluate interventions. Methods: We conducted a nationwide health examination survey in the population residing in Portugal aged between 25 and 74 years old in 2015. It consisted in a cross sectional prevalence study which included the measurement of HbA1c, a physical examination and a general health interview of a probabilistic sample of 4911 individuals (Authorization n°9348/2010 of the National Committee for Data Protection). Results: The overall prevalence of diabetes was 9.9{\%} (95{\%}CI: 8.4; 11.5). It was higher in males than in females (12.1{\%} vs 7.8{\%}). Diabetes was more prevalent among individuals of lower education and without any professional activity. The majority of persons with diabetes was aware of their condition (87.1{\%}) and was taking antidiabetic medication (79.7{\%}). Of these, 63.2{\%} had glycated hemoglobin levels lower than 7.0{\%} (53 mmol/mol), but the majority failed to comply with the LDL and blood pressure recommended clinical targets (71.9{\%} and 59.0{\%}). Similarly, the prevalence of prediabetes was 16{\%}, higher among women than men (17.5{\%} vs 14.4{\%}). Conclusion: The prevalence of diabetes and prediabetes remains higher than the global and European estimates, although there is increasing awareness of this disorder.",
keywords = "Diabetes, Epidemiology, Glycemic control, HbA1c, INSEF, Portugal, Prevalence",
author = "{on behalf of the INSEF Research Group} and Marta Barreto and Irina Kislaya and V{\^a}nia Gaio and Rodrigues, {Ana Paula} and Santos, {Ana Jo{\~a}o} and S{\'o}nia Namorado and Liliana Antunes and Gil, {Ana Paula} and Boavida, {Jos{\'e} Manuel} and Ribeiro, {Rog{\'e}rio Tavares} and Silva, {Ana Clara} and Patr{\'i}cia Vargas and Tamara Prokopenko and Baltazar Nunes and {Matias Dias}, Carlos",
year = "2018",
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pages = "271--278",
journal = "Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice",
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Prevalence, awareness, treatment and control of diabetes in Portugal : results from the first National Health examination Survey (INSEF 2015). / on behalf of the INSEF Research Group.

In: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice, Vol. 140, 01.06.2018, p. 271-278.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Prevalence, awareness, treatment and control of diabetes in Portugal

T2 - results from the first National Health examination Survey (INSEF 2015)

AU - on behalf of the INSEF Research Group

AU - Barreto, Marta

AU - Kislaya, Irina

AU - Gaio, Vânia

AU - Rodrigues, Ana Paula

AU - Santos, Ana João

AU - Namorado, Sónia

AU - Antunes, Liliana

AU - Gil, Ana Paula

AU - Boavida, José Manuel

AU - Ribeiro, Rogério Tavares

AU - Silva, Ana Clara

AU - Vargas, Patrícia

AU - Prokopenko, Tamara

AU - Nunes, Baltazar

AU - Matias Dias, Carlos

PY - 2018/6/1

Y1 - 2018/6/1

N2 -  Aims: Diabetes Mellitus is a major public health threat worldwide and continues to increase in numbers and significance. Estimates of diabetes prevalence, awareness, treatment and control are essential to effectively monitor its trends, plan and evaluate interventions. Methods: We conducted a nationwide health examination survey in the population residing in Portugal aged between 25 and 74 years old in 2015. It consisted in a cross sectional prevalence study which included the measurement of HbA1c, a physical examination and a general health interview of a probabilistic sample of 4911 individuals (Authorization n°9348/2010 of the National Committee for Data Protection). Results: The overall prevalence of diabetes was 9.9% (95%CI: 8.4; 11.5). It was higher in males than in females (12.1% vs 7.8%). Diabetes was more prevalent among individuals of lower education and without any professional activity. The majority of persons with diabetes was aware of their condition (87.1%) and was taking antidiabetic medication (79.7%). Of these, 63.2% had glycated hemoglobin levels lower than 7.0% (53 mmol/mol), but the majority failed to comply with the LDL and blood pressure recommended clinical targets (71.9% and 59.0%). Similarly, the prevalence of prediabetes was 16%, higher among women than men (17.5% vs 14.4%). Conclusion: The prevalence of diabetes and prediabetes remains higher than the global and European estimates, although there is increasing awareness of this disorder.

AB -  Aims: Diabetes Mellitus is a major public health threat worldwide and continues to increase in numbers and significance. Estimates of diabetes prevalence, awareness, treatment and control are essential to effectively monitor its trends, plan and evaluate interventions. Methods: We conducted a nationwide health examination survey in the population residing in Portugal aged between 25 and 74 years old in 2015. It consisted in a cross sectional prevalence study which included the measurement of HbA1c, a physical examination and a general health interview of a probabilistic sample of 4911 individuals (Authorization n°9348/2010 of the National Committee for Data Protection). Results: The overall prevalence of diabetes was 9.9% (95%CI: 8.4; 11.5). It was higher in males than in females (12.1% vs 7.8%). Diabetes was more prevalent among individuals of lower education and without any professional activity. The majority of persons with diabetes was aware of their condition (87.1%) and was taking antidiabetic medication (79.7%). Of these, 63.2% had glycated hemoglobin levels lower than 7.0% (53 mmol/mol), but the majority failed to comply with the LDL and blood pressure recommended clinical targets (71.9% and 59.0%). Similarly, the prevalence of prediabetes was 16%, higher among women than men (17.5% vs 14.4%). Conclusion: The prevalence of diabetes and prediabetes remains higher than the global and European estimates, although there is increasing awareness of this disorder.

KW - Diabetes

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KW - Glycemic control

KW - HbA1c

KW - INSEF

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