Prevalence and genetic diversity of Babesia and Anaplasma species in cattle in Sudan

Hoyam Awad, Sandra Antunes, Ruth C. Galindo, Virgílio E. do Rosário, José de la Fuente, Ana Domingos, Abdelrahim M. El Hussein

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36 Citations (Scopus)


Disease prevalence studies are one of the most valuable tools to demonstrate the risk or impact of certain infections in local and global economies. The data obtained in these studies contribute to develop strategies for disease control. The present study aims to provide information about the prevalence of babesiosis and anaplasmosis in the northern regions of Sudan. Blood samples from four different states of Sudan were collected from apparently healthy cattle (n=692), DNA was extracted and the prevalence of Babesia and Anaplasma species was analyzed by PCR. The results confirmed the presence of Babesia bigemina, Babesia bovis and Anaplasma marginale in cattle in northern Sudan with overall prevalence rates of 4.0%, 1.9% and 6.1%, respectively. Statistical analysis revealed that the prevalence of B. bigemina, B. bovis and A. marginale varies significantly between Sudanese states as well as in different age groups, while gender seems not to have a significant effect on the prevalence of these pathogens among Sudanese cattle. The highest prevalence for B. bigemina was found in the Aljazirah State while the highest number of A. marginale positive samples was reported in River Nile.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)146-152
Number of pages7
JournalVeterinary Parasitology
Issue number2-4
Publication statusPublished - 27 Sept 2011


  • Anaplasma marginale
  • Babesia bigemina
  • Babesia bovis
  • Molecular diagnosis
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