Prevalence and correlates of antibodies to Neospora caninum in dogs in Portugal

Carla Maia, Helder Cortes, Hugo Brancal, Ana P atrícia Lopes, Paulo Pimenta, Lenea Campino, Luís Cardoso

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Neosporosis, caused by Neospora caninum, is an important cause of abortion in cattle and of neurological disease in dogs. This study investigated the prevalence and correlates of antibodies to N. caninum in 441 dogs from the five regions of mainland Portugal. A commercial competitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (cELISA) was used and specific antibodies were detected in 35 (7.9%) dogs. Seroprevalence levels were significantly different among some of the studied regions, as well as between stray dogs (13.6%) and hunting dogs (1.7%). The difference between seropositivity in dogs presenting musculoskeletal or neurological signs (21.4%) and that in animals without clinical signs compatible with neosporosis (5.6%) was close to statistical significance. This is the first report on the seroprevalence of N. caninum in dogs in Portugal. Neosporosis should be considered in the differential diagnosis of neurological disorders of dogs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)29
Number of pages1
JournalParasite (Paris, France)
Volume21
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

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