Prevalence and acceptability of psychological and/or economic intimate partner violence, and utilization of mental health services by its survivors in Lithuania

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: Lithuania has one of the highest averages in the European Union when it comes to psychological and/or economic intimate partner violence (PE-IPV). IPV survivors are several times more likely to have mental health conditions than those without IPV experiences. The aim of this article is to study the prevalence, characteristics and attitudes of PE-IPV survivors in Lithuania, and the predictors of them accessing mental health services.

METHODS: A cross-sectional study based on a national survey representative of the adult population. The survey was implemented by a third-party independent market research company employing an online survey panel. Logistic regression models were used in the analysis.

RESULTS: Almost 50% of women in Lithuania experience PE-IPV. Females are significantly more likely to experience it than males. The vast majority of women find PE-IPV unacceptable; however, only one-third of survivors seek any type of help. Only one-tenth approach mental health services, with divorcees being at higher odds of doing so.

CONCLUSIONS: Further research is needed to explore predictors and contextual factors of why IPV survivors seek mental healthcare, or not. Policy implications include the need to eliminate IPV and mental health stigma; develop accessible mental health services and effective treatment approaches.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)e248-e257
JournalJournal of public health (Oxford, England)
Volume46
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 29 May 2024

Keywords

  • Humans
  • Lithuania/epidemiology
  • Female
  • Adult
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Intimate Partner Violence/psychology
  • Male
  • Mental Health Services/statistics & numerical data
  • Prevalence
  • Middle Aged
  • Survivors/psychology
  • Young Adult
  • Adolescent
  • Patient Acceptance of Health Care/statistics & numerical data
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Aged

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