Preparation of Binary and Ternary Deep Eutectic Systems

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7 Citations (Scopus)


The preparation of deep eutectic systems (DES) is a priori a simple procedure. By definition, two or more components are mixed together at a given molar ratio to form a DES. However, from our experience in the laboratory, there is a need to standardize the procedure to prepare, characterize and report the methodologies followed by different researchers, so that the results published can be reproduced. In this work, we test different approaches reported in the literature to prepare eutectic systems and evaluated the importance of water in the successful preparation of liquid systems at room temperature. These published eutectic systems were composed of citric acid, glucose, sucrose, malic acid, β-alanine, L-tartaric acid and betaine and not all of preparation methods described could be reproduced. However, in some cases, it was possible to reproduce the systems described, with the inclusion of water as a third component of the eutectic mixture.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere60326
JournalJournal of visualized experiments : JoVE
Issue number152
Publication statusPublished - 31 Oct 2019


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