Predictive improvement of adding Coronary Calcium Score and a Genetic Risk Score to a Traditional Risk Model for cardiovascular events prediction

Margarida Temtem, Maria Isabel Mendonça, Marco Gomes Serrão, Marina Santos, Débora Sá, Francisco Sousa, Carolina Soares, Ricardo Rodrigues, Eva Henriques, Sónia Freitas, Sofia Borges, Mariana Rodrigues, Graça Guerra, António Drumond Freitas, Ana Célia Sousa, Roberto Palma Dos Reis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

UNLABELLED: Coronary artery calcium score (CACS) and polygenic risk score have been used as novel markers to predict cardiovascular (CV) events of asymptomatic individuals compared to traditional scores. No previous studies have directly compared the additive capacity of these two markers relative to conventional scores.

AIM: Evaluate the change in CV risk prediction ability when CACS, genetic risk score (GRS) or both are added to SCORE2.

METHODS: A prospective, observational population-based study involving 1002 asymptomatic subjects (mean age 53.1±6.8years, 73.8%male), free of clinical coronary disease and diabetes, were selected from GENEMACOR-study controls. SCORE2, CACS and GRS were estimated to evaluate CV events' predictive and discriminative ability through Harrell´s C-statistics. Net Reclassification Improvement (NRI) and Integrated Discrimination Index were used to reclassify the population. Multivariable Cox proportional hazard ratios (HR) analysis assessed the variables independently associated with CV events.

RESULTS: C-statistic demonstrated that the discriminative value for CV events occurrence was 0.608 for SCORE2, increasing to 0.749 (p=0.001) when CACS was added, and improved to 0.802 (p=0.0008) with GRS, showing a better discriminative capacity for CV events. Continuous NRI reclassified >70% of the population. Cox proportional analysis showed that highest categories of SCORE2, CACS and GRS remained in the equation with an HR of 2.9 (p=0.003), 5.0 (p<0.0001) and 3.2 (p=0.003), respectively, when compared with the lowest categories.

CONCLUSION: In our population, CACS added to SCORE2 had better ability than GRS in CV events risk prediction, discrimination and reclassification. However, adding the three scores can become clinically relevant, especially in intermediate-risk persons.

Original languageEnglish
JournalEuropean Journal of Preventive Cardiology
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 4 Jan 2024

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