Povoar e enquadrar: Um percurso pela geografia das formas de vida religiosa da Lisboa medieval (séculos XII-XIV)

Translated title of the contribution: Populating and framing: A journey through the geography of the forms of religious life in medieval Lisbon (12th-14th century)

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Abstract

A conquista cristã de Lisboa, em 1147, inaugura um tempo novo na cidade, que vê de imediato restaurada a vida diocesana e rapidamente ativada a vida paroquial. O esforço de assegurar o povoamento e enquadrar eclesiasticamente a população urbana segue a par com a paulatina implantação na urbe de diversas ordens religiosas, umas integrando anteriores experiências eremíticas, outras com um vincado pendor pastoral, aliando liturgia, pregação e caridade. O contexto muito peculiar da cidade, com uma intensa vida económica, uma população em crescimento, uma corte régia que nela estancia com crescente regularidade e demora, atraindo cada vez mais gentes de desvairadas partes e a cobiça de nobres ou ricos mercadores, que contribuem para a sua ascensão como cidade cabeça do Reino, tornam-na também particularmente apetecível para as ordens religiosas que entre si disputam o espaço urbano, as suas populações e os seus recursos. É este percurso de implantação e articulação dos conventos e mosteiros, desde a conquista cristã até ao século XIV, que pretendemos explicar e enquadrar na intensa vida da urbe lisboeta.

The Christian conquest of Lisbon, in 1147, initiated a new era in the city which immediately saw diocesan life restored and parish life quickly revived. Efforts to secure the settlement and ecclesiastical accommodation of the urban population went hand-in-hand with the gradual establishment in the city of various religious orders, some drawing upon previous eremitic experiences, others with a marked pastoral bias combining liturgy, preaching, and charitable acts. The very peculiar qualities of the city, possessed of an intense economic life, a growing population, a royal court that sojourned there with increasing regularity and for increasingly prolonged periods, attracted more and more people from diverse regions and stimulated the rapacity of noblemen andrich merchants who contributed to its rise as the capital city of the Kingdom. It also made Lisbon particularly attractive to the religious orders who, between them, contested the urban space, its populations, and its resources. This article seeks to explain this process of establishment and articulation of convents and monasteries from the time of the Christian conquest to the fourteenth century, and to contextualise it within the intense urban life of the city of Lisbon.
Translated title of the contributionPopulating and framing: A journey through the geography of the forms of religious life in medieval Lisbon (12th-14th century)
Original languagePortuguese
Pages (from-to)257-280
Number of pages23
JournalMedievalista
Volume32
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022

Keywords

  • Religious Orders
  • Lisbon
  • elites
  • royalty
  • Ordens religiosas
  • Lisboa
  • Realeza
  • Elites

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