Potential Ophthalmological Application of Extracts Obtained from Tuna Vitreous Humor Using Lactic Acid-Based Deep Eutectic Systems

Maha M. Abdallah, Inês C. Leonardo, Luna Krstić, Amalia Enríquez-De-salamanca, Yolanda Diebold, María J. González-García, Frédéric B. Gaspar, Ana A. Matias, Maria Rosário Bronze, Naiara Fernández

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A green technique was developed to extract hyaluronic acid (HA) from tuna vitreous humor (TVH) for its potential application in managing dry eye disease. Deep eutectic solvents (DES) were used to extract HA and were synthesized using natural compounds (lactic acid, fructose, and urea). The DES, the soluble fraction of TVH in DES (SF), and the precipitated extracts (PE) were evaluated for their potential use in dry eye disease treatment. In vitro experiments on human corneal epithelial cell lines and the effect on dry eye-associated microorganisms were performed. The influence of the samples on the HCE viability, their intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) scavenging capacity, inflammatory response, and antimicrobial properties were studied. According to the results, all samples displayed an antioxidant effect, which was significantly higher for PE in comparison to SF. Most of the tested samples did not induce an inflammatory response in cells, which confirmed the safety in ophthalmic formulations. In addition, the DES and SF proved to be efficient against the studied bacterial strains, while PE did not show an antimicrobial effect. Hence, both DES and SF at defined concentrations could be used as potential compounds in dry eye disease management.

Original languageEnglish
Article number342
JournalFoods
Volume11
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2022

Keywords

  • Anti-inflammatory
  • Antimicrobial
  • Antioxidant
  • Deep eutectic solvents
  • Food waste valorization
  • Natural hyaluronic acid
  • Ocular therapy

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