Portuguese post-medieval archaeology corresponds to the period between the early 16th century and the late 18th century, identifi ed in the archaeological record through several distinct artefact categories, of which ceramics are the most abundant. New products such as thin-walled moulded coarsewares and faience are found together with imports from different European countries, China and other Eastern lands. Although sites and fi nds are mentioned in Portuguese archaeological and art-historical literature from the late 19th century, it only became a scientifi c discipline in the 1980s. This paper aims to provide a general view of investigations in post-medieval archaeology for more than a century, focusing on contexts and fi nds, but also looking towards the discipline's future.
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