Positive and negative aspects of psychological stress in clinical education in nursing: A scoping review

Agostinho Antônio Cruz Araújo, Simone de Godoy, Natália Maria Freitas e.Silva Maia, Rodrigo Mota de Oliveira, Kelly Graziani Giacchero Vedana, Álvaro Francisco Lopes de Sousa, Thomas Kwok Shing Wong, Isabel Amélia Costa Mendes

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)
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Abstract

Background: Even though clinical practice is crucial for nursing students' personal and professional development, it is recurrently associated with stress. However, stressful situations may not only elicit negative responses, but positive responses as well, and such aspects should be further investigated. Aim: To explore the literature addressing the positive and negative aspects of stress experienced by nursing students during clinical practicum. Design: This scoping review followed the Joanna Briggs Institute (JBI) and PRISMA-ScR guidelines. Data sources: CINAHL, MEDLINE/PubMed, PsycINFO, Web of Science, IBECS, LILACS, BDENF and two theses and dissertations repositories. Review methods: Searches were conducted from June to August 2022. Studies addressing the positive and negative aspects of stress experienced by nursing students during clinical practice were included regardless of the method adopted. Results: This review included 32 studies published between 1999 and 2022 in 25 countries across four continents: Africa, America, Asia, and Europe. Stress can positively influence academic performance, especially in mobilizing a search for learning and professional development and in integrating theoretical knowledge and improving clinical skills and competencies. Negatively, stress can cause biopsychosocial symptoms that compromise a student's academic performance and can cause doubts and uncertainties about the construction of their professional identity. Conclusions: Although the negative aspects stand out over the positive ones, it is evident that both are present in the clinical practice environment. When considering stress of nursing students, educators should conduct the teaching-learning process in order to reduce the negative impact and promote the positive side of stressful situations.

Original languageEnglish
Article number105821
Number of pages9
JournalNurse education today
Volume126
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2023

Keywords

  • Clinical supervision
  • Nurse education
  • Nursing students
  • Preceptorship
  • Psychological stress
  • Scoping review
  • Stress

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