Portuguese recommendations for the diagnosis and management of gout

F. Araujo, I Cordeiro, F. Teixeira, João Rovisco, S. Ramiro, AF Mourão, J. A. Costa, J. B. Pimentão, Armando Malcata, M. J. Santos, Jaime Branco

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Objective: To develop Portuguese evidence-based recommendations for the Diagnosis and Management of Gout. Methods: As part of the 3e Initiative (Evidence, Expertise and Exchange), a panel of 78 international rheumatologists developed 10 relevant clinical questions which were investigated with systematic literature reviews. MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane CENTRAL and abstracts from 2010-2011 EULAR and ACR meetings were searched. Based on the evidence found in the published literature, rheumatologists from 14 countries developed national recommendations that were merged and voted into multinational recommendations. We present the Portuguese recommendations for the Diagnosis and Management of Gout which were formulated and voted by Delphi method in April 2012, in Lisbon. The level of agreement and potential impact in clinical practice was also assessed. Results: Twelve national recommendations were elaborated from 10 international and 2 national questions. These recommendations addressed the diagnosis of gout; the treatment of acute flares and urate-lowering therapy; monitoring of gout and comorbidity screening; the influence of comorbidities in drug choice; lifestyle flareprophylaxis; management of tophi and asymptomatic hyperuricaemia; the role of urine alkalinization; and the burden of gout. The level of agreement with the recommendations ranged from 6.8 to 9.0 (mean 7.7) on a 1-10 point visual analogue scale, in which 10 stands for full agreement. Conclusion: The 12 Portuguese recommendations for the Diagnosis and Management of Gout were formulated according to the best evidence and endorsed by a panel of 42 rheumatologists, enhancing their validity and practical use in daily clinical practice.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)158-171
Number of pages14
JournalActa Reumatológica Portuguesa
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2014


  • Gout
  • Portuguese
  • Recommendations


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