Portuguese Children's Sleep Habits Questionnaire - validation and cross-cultural comparison

Filipe Gloria Silva, Claudia Rocha Silva, Ligia Barbosa, Ana Serrao Neto

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44 Citations (Scopus)
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Objective: to validate the Portuguese version of the Children's Sleep Habits Questionnaire (CSHQ-PT) and compare it to the versions from other countries. Methods: the questionnaire was previously adapted to the Portuguese language according to international guidelines. 500 questionnaires were delivered to the parents of a Portuguese community sample of children aged 2 to 10 years old. 370 (74\%) valid questionnaires were obtained, 55 children met exclusion criteria and 315 entered in the validation study. Results: the CSHQ-PT internal consistency (Cronbach's alpha) was 0.78 for the total scale and ranged from 0.44 to 0.74 for subscales. The test-retest reliability for subscales (Pearson's correlations, n=58) ranged from 0.59 to 0.85. Our data did not adjust to the original 8 domains structure in Confirmatory Factor Analysis but the Exploratory Factor Analysis extracted 5 factors that have correspondence to CSHQ subscales. Conclusion: the CSHQ-PT evidenced psychometric properties that are comparable to the versions from other countries and adequate for the screening of sleep disturbances in children from 2 to 10 years old. (C) 2013 Sociedade Brasileira de Pediatria. Published by Elsevier Editora Ltda. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)78-84
Number of pages7
JournalJornal de Pediatria
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2014


  • Sleep
  • Questionnaire
  • Child
  • Validity
  • Reliability
  • Cross-Cultural Comparison


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