Portugal at the ‘Third Front’

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2 Citations (Scopus)


This chapter aims to analyse the relationship between Portugal and Germany during the National Socialist regime with regard to science and scientific exchanges, focusing on the interaction of Portuguese institutions (in particular the National Board of Education/Institute for High Culture) with Nazi institutions. To understand these institutional relations, one must bear in mind that Portugal remained neutral during the Second World War. On 1 September 1939, António de Oliveira Salazar, the dictator who had been in power since the beginning of the 1930s, wrote a note to the Portuguese press stating that the country would be neutral. Later, he also declared that Portugal would not take advantage of the war to gain economic benefits, and always mentioned Portuguese loyalty to the ‘British Alliance’ in his speeches during this period.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationNazi Germany and Southern Europe, 1933–45
Subtitle of host publicationScience, culture and politics
EditorsCláudia Ninhos, Fernando Clara
Place of PublicationHampshire
Number of pages21
ISBN (Electronic)978-1-137-55152-8
ISBN (Print)978-1-349-56746-1
Publication statusPublished - 2016
Event‘German Science’ in Southern Europe, 1933-45 - Faculdade de Ciências Sociais e Humanas da Universidade Nova de Lisboa, Lisboa, Portugal
Duration: 11 Oct 201213 Oct 2012


Conference‘German Science’ in Southern Europe, 1933-45


  • Relações Luso-Alemãs
  • Intercâmbio Académico
  • Diplomacia Cultural e Científica
  • High Culture
  • German Institution
  • German Academic Exchange
  • German Culture


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