Portugal and Spain (1974-1978): a historical unity?

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In this paper we put the hypothesis that Portugal and Spain have been a unit of the historical point of view since the nineteenth century, and this feature was essential to explain the almost simultaneity of the end of their dictatorships in 1974-1978. In the first section we overview the main theoretical discussions of this hypothesis. In the second phase we analyse the foreign affairs of the Intersindical and CCOO. We argue that this objective historical unity was achieved by reciprocal withdrawal of PCE and PCP, with consequences for Intersindical and CCOO, against the attempts to draw a common policy for the Peninsula, on the part of Western governments and social democratic parties.

Original languagePortuguese
Pages (from-to)23-47
Number of pages25
JournalAyer: Revista de historia contemporánea
Issue number99
Publication statusPublished - 2015


  • Portugal
  • Spain
  • end of Dictatorships
  • Iberian Peninsula
  • Communist Pardes
  • unionism

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