Porphyrin–nanodiamond hybrid materials—active, stable and reusable cyclohexene oxidation catalysts

Lucas D. Dias, Fábio M. S. Rodrigues, Mário J. F. Calvete, Sónia A. C. Carabineiro, Marisa D. Scherer, Anderson R.L. Caires, Josephus G. Buijnsters, José L. Figueiredo, Vanderlei S. Bagnato, Mariette M. Pereira

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)
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The quest for active, yet “green” non-toxic catalysts is a continuous challenge. In this work, covalently linked hybrid porphyrin–nanodiamonds were prepared via ipso nitro substitution reaction and characterized by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), fluorescence spectroscopy, infrared spectroscopy (IR) and thermogravimetry-differential scanning calorimetry (TG-DSC). The amine-functionalized nanodiamonds (ND@NH2 ) and 2-nitro-5,10,15,20-tetra(4-trifluoromethylphenyl)porphyrin covalently linked to nanodiamonds (ND@βNH-TPPpCF3 ) were tested using Allium cepa as a plant model, and showed neither phytotoxicity nor cytotoxicity. The hybrid nanodiamond–copper(II)–porphyrin material ND@βNH-TPPpCF3-Cu(II) was also evaluated as a reusable catalyst in cyclohexene allylic oxidation, and displayed a remarkable turnover number (TON) value of ≈265,000, using O2 as green oxidant, in the total absence of sacrificial additives, which is the highest activity ever reported for said allylic oxidation. Additionally, ND@βNH-TPPpCF3-Cu(II) could be easily separated from the reaction mixture by centrifugation, and reused in three consecutive catalytic cycles without major loss of activity.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1402
Pages (from-to)1-13
Number of pages13
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2020


  • Allylic oxidation
  • Copper (II) porphyrin
  • Nanodiamonds


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