¿Por qué era importante el matrimonio? Matrimonio y reproducción social: El caso de la aristocracia portuguesa bajomedieval (1380-1530)

Translated title of the contribution: Why Marriage Mattered?: Marriage and Social Reproduction - the Case of Late Medieval Portuguese Aristocracy (1380-1530)

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Abstract

¿Cuál era la importancia del matrimonio para la aristocracia medieval? A través del ejemplo de la nobleza curial portuguesa bajomedieval, este artículo plantea conocer las formas en las que el matrimonio contribuyó a proporcionar la estabilidad de la aristocracia como un grupo minoritario, endogámico y dominante. La documentación conservada en archivos públicos y señoriales ha permitido crear un corpus documental, integrado por contratos matrimoniales, testamentos y particiones familiares, a partir del que analizar los aspectos materiales, las estrategias familiares y otras interacciones sociales vinculadas al matrimonio. El argumento principal es que el matrimonio es un mecanismo esencial para construir fuertes y sólidas relaciones sociales. Este estudio de caso demuestra un modelo de endogamia social, organizado por las relaciones estructuradas en torno a la corte real, entrelazadas con matrimonios por consanguinidad distante y por estrecha afinidad.

By examining the late medieval Portughese curial nobility, this article aims to determine the ways in which marriage contributed to provide stability to aristocracy as a minoritarian, endogamous and dominant group. The documentation preserved in public and noble houses archivesfacilitated the creation of a corpus of marriage contracts, family partitions and wills. This corpus allows us to consider and examine material aspects, familial strategies, and other marital social interactions. The main argument that this article proposesis that marriage was an essential mechanism through which strong
and dense social relations were built. This case study demonstrates a pattern of social endogamy, organised by the relations structured around the Portuguese royal court, intertwined with distant consanguineous and close affinity marriages.

Translated title of the contributionWhy Marriage Mattered?: Marriage and Social Reproduction - the Case of Late Medieval Portuguese Aristocracy (1380-1530)
Original languageSpanish
Pages (from-to)153-185
Number of pages33
JournalEdad Média. Revista de Historia
Issue number23
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022

Keywords

  • Aristocracy
  • Kinship
  • Marriage
  • Dowry
  • Social reproduction
  • Aristocracia
  • Parentesco
  • Matrimonio
  • Dote
  • Reproducción social

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