26 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The photochemistry of poly(vinyl acetate), PVAc, homopolymer, of PVAc mixtures with selected pigments and fillers, and of accurate historic reproductions based on the colours prepared by Portuguese artist Joaquim Rodrigo and on those supplied by the company A Favrel was Studied. The systems, applied as films, were irradiated at lambda >= 300 nm and the changes followed by size exclusion chromatography, infrared spectroscopy, and colorimetry. PVAc as homopolymer or as an emulsion paint proved to be very stable to light, and after 5000 h of irradiation no gel fraction was observed. phi(R) (lambda(irr) = 313 nm) for chain scission for PVAc was determined to be 7 x 10(-8). This value indicates that the mechanism/s operating when irradiating at lambda >= 300 nm are different from those previously published with irradiation involving 254 nm. No side-group scission was observed, and main chain scission is the foremost photodegradation mechanism. Also, the metal tons present in the pigments do not affect the photochemical stability of the polymer. (C) 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)453-461
JournalPolymer Degradation and Stability
Volume95
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2010

Keywords

  • Poly(vinyl acetate)
  • Vinyl emulsions
  • Photodegradation
  • Quantum yield

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