Polymeric Redox-Active Electrodes for Sodium-Ion Batteries

Naiara Fernández, Paula Sánchez-Fontecoba, Elizabeth Castillo-Martínez, Javier Carretero-González, Teófilo Rojo, Michel Armand

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Citations (Scopus)


Polymer binding agents are critical for the good performance of the electrodes of Na- and Li-ion batteries during cycling as they hold the electroactive material together to form a cohesive assembly because of their mechanical and chemical stability as well as adhesion to the current collector. New redox-active polymer binders that insert Na+ ions and show adhesion properties were synthesized by adding polyether amine blocks (Jeffamine) based on mixed propylene oxide and ethylene oxide blocks to p-phenylenediamine and terephthalaldehyde units to form electroactive Schiff-base groups along the macromolecule. The synthetic parameters and the electrochemical properties of these terpolymers as Na-ion negative electrodes in half cells were studied. Reversible capacities of 300 mAh g−1 (50 wt % conducting carbon) and 200 mAh g−1 (20 wt % conducting carbon) were achieved in powder and Cu-supported electrodes, respectively, for a polySchiff-polyether terpolymer synthesized by using a poly(ethylene oxide) block of 600 g mol−1 in place of one third of the aniline units. The new redox-active polymers were also used as a binding agent of another anode material (hard carbon), which led to an increase of the total capacity of the electrode compared to that prepared with other standard fluorinated polymer binders such as poly(vinylidene) fluoride.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)311-319
Number of pages9
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 10 Jan 2018


  • batteries
  • electrochemistry
  • polymers
  • redox chemistry
  • sodium


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