In nature, the production of polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHA) is a characteristic of diverse taxonomic groups. Despite the well-known function as internal carbon and energy sources, other roles can be attributed to PHA, namely as electron donors or compatible solutes, among others. The emergence of next generation sequencing completely changes the determination of microbial communities’ composition, in particular with the lowering of their prices in recent years. This chapter explains that despite the huge number of works published and projects funded, PHA produced by Mixed microbial cultures (MMC) are far from commercialization. The development of PHA production processes using MMCs and real waste has been a very interesting journey, but it is far from reaching its destination. In recent years, several issues were addressed but others remained without answer. Three main challenges were identified, one related to the substrates used, and two related to the post-production process, namely downstream processing and polymer characterization.
|Title of host publication||The Handbook of Polyhydroxyalkanoates: Kinetics, Bioengineering and Industrial Aspects|
|Place of Publication||Boca Raton|
|Number of pages||36|
|Publication status||Published - 2020|