Polyallylamine assisted synthesis of 3D branched AuNPs with plasmon tunability in the vis-NIR region as refractive index sensitivity probes

Silvia Nuti, Carlos Fernández-Lodeiro, Javier Fernández-Lodeiro, Adrián Fernández-Lodeiro, Jorge Pérez-Juste, Isabel Pastoriza-Santos, Alec P. LaGrow, Oliver Schraidt, José Luis Capelo-Martínez, Carlos Lodeiro

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1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

This paper describes the synthesis of highly branched gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) through a facile seeded growth approach using poly(allylamine hydrochloride) (PAH) as shape inducing agent. The obtained branched AuNPs present highly tunable optical properties in the Vis-NIR region from ca. 560 nm to 1260 nm. We controlled the morphology, and therefore the optical response, of the NPs by either changing the gold salt to seeds ratio or by fine-tuning the solution pH. We proposed that the formation of size-dependent PAH-AuCl4- aggregates as demonstrated by dynamic light scattering measurements, together with pH-dependent gold salt speciation might be responsible for the branched morphology. Advanced electron microscopy techniques demonstrated the polycrystalline nature of the AuNPs and facilitated a better understanding of branched morphology. Additionally, the refractive index sensitivity estimated by the inflection point of the Localized Surface Plasmon Resonance (LSPR) band can be controlled by tuning the nanoparticle branching. Furthermore, the versatility of the PAH chemistry allowed the easy functionalization of the synthesized NPs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)695-705
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Colloid and Interface Science
Volume611
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2022

Keywords

  • Anisotropic nanoparticles
  • Branched nanoparticles
  • Gold nanoparticles
  • Plasmon tunability
  • Polyallylamine

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