Political violence and social networks

experimental evidence from a Nigerian election

Marcel Fafchamps, Pedro C. Vicente

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Voter education campaigns often aim to increase political participation and accountability. We followed a randomized campaign against electoral violence sponsored by an international NGO during the 2007 Nigerian elections. This paper investigates whether the effects of the campaign were transmitted indirectly through kinship, chatting, and geographical proximity. For individuals personally targeted by campaigners, we estimate the reinforcement effect of proximity to other targeted individuals. For individuals who self-report to be untargeted by campaigners, we estimate the diffusion of the campaign depending on proximity to targeted individuals. We find evidence for both effects, particularly on perceptions of violence. Effects are large in magnitude - often similar to the average effect of the campaign. Kinship is the strongest channel of reinforcement and diffusion. We also find that geographical proximity transmits simple effects on perceptions, and that chatting conveys more complex effects on behavior.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)27-48
Number of pages22
JournalJournal Of Development Economics
Volume101
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2013

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political violence
social network
election
campaign
evidence
kinship
violence
reinforcement
political participation
accountability
effect
Elections
Political violence
Social networks
nongovernmental organization
non-governmental organization
voter
education
responsibility

Keywords

  • Field experiment
  • Nigeria
  • Political violence
  • Social networks
  • Voter education

Cite this

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Political violence and social networks : experimental evidence from a Nigerian election. / Fafchamps, Marcel; Vicente, Pedro C.

In: Journal Of Development Economics, Vol. 101, No. 1, 01.03.2013, p. 27-48.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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