Plasmid-borne antimicrobial resistance of staphylococcus aureus isolated in a hospital in Lisbon, Portugal

Sofia Santos Costa, Cláudia Palma, Kristina Kadlec, Andrea T. Fessler, Miguel Viveiros, José Melo-Cristino, Stefan Schwarz, Isabel Couto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)


Plasmids play a key role in the genetic plasticity and survival of Staphylococcus aureus in challenging environments. Although many S. aureus plasmids have been described, still few studies portray the plasmid content of a given S. aureus population. The aim of this work was to characterize the plasmids carried by a collection of 53 S. aureus isolates collected in a large hospital in Lisbon, Portugal, and investigate their role in conferring resistance to several antimicrobial agents. Plasmids were present in 44 out of the 53 isolates and were grouped into eleven AccI restriction profiles. Plasmid curing of representative strains and comparison of antimicrobial susceptibility profiles between pairs of isogenic strains proved to be a valuable guidance tool in the identification of plasmid-located resistance genes. The plasmids harbored several resistance genes, namely blaZ (resistance to β-lactams), erm(C) (resistance to macrolides, lincosamides, and streptogramin B), cadA (resistance to cadmium and zinc), cadD (resistance to cadmium), and qacA and smr (resistance to biocides and dyes). This study demonstrates the impact of plasmids on the resistance properties of S. aureus, highlighting their role in the dissemination of antibiotic, heavy metal, and biocide resistance genes, and survival of this major pathogen in the hospital environment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)617-626
Number of pages10
JournalMicrobial Drug Resistance
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2016


  • Antibiotic
  • Biocide
  • Heavy metal
  • Plasmid
  • Resistance
  • Staphylococcus aureus


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