Places of Worship: Space and religion in Lisbon suburban configurations

Israel Guarda, Maria R. Guerreiro, Teresa V. Heitor

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution


The emergence of new religious movements is a global phenomenon. Although becoming subject of inquiry by recent academic works concerned with new spiritual content and practices, the places of worship persist an overlooked subject. The aim of this research is to understand the implications of spatiality in the constitution of the new places of worship within Lisbon suburbs after the 1970’s. It analyses the relationship between place centralities and new spatial cultures and urbanities in suburban landscapes. It also analyses change and persistence of traditional pattern of sacred spaces. To pursue these aims space syntax methodology was used in order to analyse street networks conguration to understand location of places of worship. The main technic was segment analysis. The syntactic measures were calculated to understand the relationship between global and local structures and read the city as a whole (urban and suburban). Using GIS software, places of worship were mapped within Lisbon
region according to dierent religions. The patterns of distribution are then compared with the syntactic measures. The results have conrmed the hypothesis of space dematerialization and placelessness which characterizes the new religious movements. The pattern of distribution of places of worship (factories, warehouses, shops, cinemas, etc.) in Lisbon region follow places of good accessibility (global and local). The value of space remains not in its symbology but in its accessibility and functionality.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of The 11th International Space Syntax Symposium
EditorsTeresa Heitor, Miguel Serra, João Pinelo Silva, Maria Bacharel, Luisa Cannas da Silva
Place of PublicationLisboa
PublisherInstituto Superior Técnico
Number of pages6
ISBN (Print)978-972-98994-4-7
Publication statusPublished - 2017
Event11th International Space Syntax Symposium - Lisboa, Portugal
Duration: 3 Jul 20177 Jul 2017


Conference11th International Space Syntax Symposium


  • Houses of worship
  • Religious movements
  • Spatial patterns
  • Spatial cultures

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    Guarda, I., R. Guerreiro, M., & V. Heitor, T. (2017). Places of Worship: Space and religion in Lisbon suburban configurations. In T. Heitor, M. Serra, J. Pinelo Silva, M. Bacharel, & L. Cannas da Silva (Eds.), Proceedings of The 11th International Space Syntax Symposium (pp. 1881-1887). Lisboa: Instituto Superior Técnico.