Physiological and Agronomic Performance of the Coffee Crop in the Context of Climate Change and Global Warming: A Review

Fábio M. Damatta, Rodrigo T. Avila, Amanda A. Cardoso, Samuel C. V. Martins, José C. Ramalho

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Coffee is one of the most important global crops and provides a livelihood to millions of people living in developing countries. Coffee species have been described as being highly sensitive to climate change, as largely deduced from modeling studies based on predictions of rising temperatures and changing rainfall patterns. Here, we discuss the physiological responses of the coffee tree in the context of present and ongoing climate changes, including drought, heat, and light stresses, and interactions between these factors. We also summarize recent insights on the physiological and agronomic performance of coffee at elevated atmospheric CO2 concentrations and highlight the key role of CO2 in mitigating the harmful effects of heat stress. Evidence is shown suggesting that warming, per se, may be less harmful to coffee suitability than previously estimated, at least under the conditions of an adequate water supply. Finally, we discuss several mitigation strategies to improve crop performance in a changing world.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5264-5274
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
Volume66
Issue number21
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 30 May 2018

Keywords

  • Coffea spp.
  • coffee
  • crop yield
  • drought
  • elevated [CO]
  • global warming
  • heat
  • light stress
  • photosynthesis

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