Photonic band gap and bactericide performance of amorphous sol-gel titania: An Alternative to crystalline TiO 2

M. Clara Gonçalves, José Carlos Pereira, Joana C. Matos, Helena Cristina Vasconcelos

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16 Citations (Scopus)


In addition to its traditional application in white pigments, nanocrystalline titania (TiO 2 ) has optoelectronic and photocatalytic properties (strongly dependent on crystallinity, particle size, and surface structure) that grant this naturally occurring oxide new technological applications. Sol-gel is one of the most widely used methods to synthesize TiO 2 films and NPs, but the products obtained (mostly oxy-hydrated amorphous phases) require severe heat-treatments to promote crystallization, in which control over size and shape is difficult to achieve. In this work, we obtained new photocatalytic materials based on amorphous titania and measured their electronic band gap. Two case studies are reported that show the enormous potential of amorphous titania as bactericide or photocatalyst. In the first, amorphous sol-gel TiO 2 thin films doped with N (TiO 2−x N x , x = 0.75) were designed to exhibit a photonic band gap in the visible region. The identification of Ti-O-N and N-Ti-O bindings was achieved by XPS. The photonic band gaps were found to be 3.18 eV for a-TiO 2 and 2.99 eV for N-doped a-TiO 2 . In the second study, amorphous titania and amine-functionalized amorphous titania nanoparticles were synthetized using a novel base-catalysed sol-gel methodology. All the synthesized amorphous TiO 2 nanoparticles exhibit bactericide performance (E. coli, ASTME 2149-13).

Original languageEnglish
Article number1677
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2018


  • Amorphous-TiO
  • Bactericide
  • E. coli
  • Films
  • NPs
  • Photonic band-gap
  • Sol-gel


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