Photoinduced electron- and energy-transfer processes of biacetyl imprisoned in a hemicarcerand

A. J. Parola, F. Pina, E. Ferreira, M. Maestri, V. Balzani

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The energy- and electron-transfer quenching processes of the lowest triplet excited state of biacetyl (2,3-butanedione) imprisoned in a hemicarcerand have been systematically investigated in CH2Cl2 solution at room temperature. Twenty potential quenchers have been used, including ten triplet energy accepters (mostly, aromatic hydrocarbons) and nine electron donors (mostly, aromatic amines). Bimolecular rate constants for the quenching processes were obtained by Stern-Volmer analysis and compared with those found for the quenching of free biacetyl. In the electron-transfer processes, aromatic amines with oxidation potential from +0.015 V (N,N,N',N'-tetramethyl-p-phenylenediamine) to +0.83 V (diphenylamine) quench free biacetyl at the diffusion-controlled limit, whereas for imprisoned biacetyl the rate constant decreases (roughly in a linear manner) from 4.0 x 10(8) to 1.2 x 10(5) M(-1) s(-1) As far as energy-transfer is concerned, the rate constant for the quenching of free biacetyl increases with decreasing Delta G degrees and reaches the diffusion-controlled plateau value (k(q) similar to 10(10) M(-1) s(-1)) for Delta G degrees similar to 0.1 eV, whereas for imprisoned biacetyl a scattered, bell-shaped log k(q) vs Delta G degrees plot is obtained, with a maximum value (similar to 10(6) M(-1) s(-1)) much below the diffusion-controlled limit. The results obtained show that the walls of the hemicarcerand allow only very weak electronic interaction between incarcerated triplet biacetyl and external quenchers. A brief discussion of the results obtained in the light of current energy- and electron-transfer theories is presented.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)11610-11616
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of the American Chemical Society
Issue number46
Publication statusPublished - 20 Nov 1996


  • Marcus Inverted Region
  • Supramolecular photochemistry
  • Excited states
  • Cyclodextrin
  • Photophysics
  • Complexes
  • Phosporescence
  • Molecules
  • Distance
  • Rates


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