Photocurable temperature activated humidity hybrid sensing materials for multifunctional coatings

Cristian Mendes-Felipe, Manuel Salado, Liliana C. Fernandes, Daniela M. Correia, Leire Ruiz-Rubio, Mohammad Tariq, JoséM M. S. S. Esperança, J. L. Vilas-Vilela, S. Lanceros-Mendez

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Photocurable thermochromic and humidity responsive materials based on polyurethane acrylated (PUA) and bis(1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium) tetrachloronickelate ([Bmim]2[NiCl4]) ionic liquid (IL) have been prepared with varying IL content up to 40 wt% within the polymer matrix. The influence of IL content on the photopolymerization process, morphology, Young modulus and electrical conductivity of the materials was evaluated. All materials present a total polymer conversion of at least 88%. The presence of the IL influences the morphology of PUA, being observed a porous network structure upon IL incorporation into the PUA matrix. All samples show a Tg around room temperature, which is independent of the IL content and a Young modulus that decreases with the IL content. All composites exhibit humidity dependent thermochromism from colourless to blue. Further, the influence of the relative humidity in the colour change was accessed for the sample containing 20 wt% [Bmim]2[NiCl4], being observed that the colour variation is thermally activated and humidity governed, being 55% the minimum value of the relative humidity for colour change to occur.

Original languageEnglish
Article number123635
Publication statusPublished - 14 Apr 2021


  • Humidity sensor
  • Ionic liquids
  • Polyurethane acrylate
  • Thermochromic materials
  • UV curing
  • [Bmim]NiCl


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