Phonological characteristics of European and Brazilian Portuguese in children with Speech Sound Disorders

Ana Catarina Martins, David Nascimento, Sofia Pinto, Dina Alves, Haydée Fiszbein Wertzner, Ana Castro

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

This study aims to describe and compare the phonological characteristics of European Portuguese and Brazilian Portuguese preschool and school age children with Speech Sound Disorders (SSD). Speech samples for the European Portuguese Group (EPG) (n = 13) were collected using Subteste Fonético e Fonológico of Teste Fonético e Fonológico Avaliação da Linguagem Pré-Escolar. For the Brazilian Portuguese Group (BPG) (n = 13) Prova de Nomeação de Fonologia of Teste de Linguagem Infantil ABFW was applied. Different phonological measures were considered. Groups were matched according to sex, age, and percentage of correct consonants (revised). EPG presented more weak syllable deletion (p = .00); absolute index and relative index had a higher number of omissions (p = .003). BPG had more substitutions (p = .004). Intragroup analysis showed differences between groups in the occurrence of phonological processes (p ≤ 0.00). The most occurring was gliding of liquids, cluster reduction and devoicing in both groups; for the absolute index and relative index, the EPG presented differences in omission (p = .003), and the BPG in substitution (p = .002). Results suggested differences between groups in phonological processes occurrence and a relation with the most frequent type of error. These findings may occur due to the variation of phonetic and phonological characteristics between European Portuguese and Brazilian Portuguese in the two phonological tests. Linguistic variations had not directly influenced the measures studied, which characterized SSD. European Portuguese and Brazilian Portuguese children with SSD demonstrated similar characteristics as to the type of errors and phonological processes.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-15
Number of pages15
JournalClinical Linguistics and Phonetics
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 2021

Keywords

  • Brazilian Portuguese
  • Childhood Speech Sound Disorders
  • European Portuguese
  • Phonological characteristics

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