Performance of Silica Fume-Based Geopolymer Grouts for Heritage Masonry Consolidation

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Despite the increasing number of studies on geopolymer-based materials, a lack of information still prevails concerning the use of geopolymer materials for the consolidation and conservation of the built heritage. Since the introduction of the term “geopolymer” by Davidovits, several studies have pointed out geopolymers as a potential replacement for traditional binders, mainly due to their advantages associated with mechanical properties and low carbon dioxide emissions. The geopolymers (also known as alkali-activated materials or inorganic polymers) are obtained by a chemical process through which precursors rich in silica and alumina interact with an alkaline medium to result in a material with binding properties. The aim of this study is to exploit the potential of geopolymer-based grouts in the consolidation of stone masonry buildings. Grouting or grout injection is a technique used for the consolidation of heritage masonry buildings; it consists of the introduction of a binding agent to fill the internal voids and cracks. An experimental program was carried out to improve knowledge of geopolymer grouts suitable for consolidation purposes. The experimental findings revealed that the silica-fume-based geopolymer grout has a worse performance from a rheological point of view, whereas it showed promising results in terms of mechanical strength when compared to traditional hydraulic-lime-based grout.

Original languageEnglish
Article number288
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 18 Feb 2022


  • Consolidation
  • Geopolymer
  • Grout
  • Masonry
  • Mechanical strength
  • Rheology
  • Silica fume


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