In this paper, we provide an analytical performance assessment of downlink non-orthogonal multiple access (NOMA) systems over Nakagami-m fading channels in the presence of nonlinear high-power amplifiers (HPAs). By modeling the distortion of the HPA by a nonlinear polynomial model, we evaluate the performance the NOMA scheme in terms of outage probability (OP) and ergodic sum rate. Hence, we derive a new closed-form expression for the exact OP, taking into account the undesirable effects of HPA. Furthermore, to characterize the diversity order of the considered system, the asymptotic OP in the high signal-to-noise (SNR) regime is derived. Moreover, the ergodic sum rate is investigated, resulting in new upper and lower bounds. Our numerical results demonstrate that the performance loss in presence of nonlinear distortions is very substantial at high data rates. In particular, it is proved that in presence of HPA distortion, the ergodic sum rate cannot exceed a determined threshold which limits its performance compared to the ideal hardware case. Monte-Carlo simulations are conducted and their results agree well with the analytical results.
- Ergodic sum rate
- High-power amplifiers (HPA)
- Non-orthogonal multiple access (NOMA)
- Nonlinear polynomial model
- Outage probability (OP)