Perceptions of institutional performance and compliance to non-pharmaceutical interventions: How performance perceptions and policy compliance affect public health in a decentralized health system

Marco Antonio Catussi Paschoalotto, Eduardo Costa, Sara Valente de Almeida, Joana Cima, Joana Gomes da Costa, João Vasco Santos, Claudia Souza Passador, João Luiz Passador, Pedro Pita Barros

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Trust in institutions is a key driver to shape population attitudes and behavior, such as compliance of non-pharmaceutical interventions (NPI). During the COVID-19 pandemic, this was fundamental and its compliance was supported by governmental and non-governmental institutions. Nevertheless, the situation of political polarization in some countries with decentralized health systems increased the difficulty of such interventions. This study analyzes the association between non-pharmaceutical interventions’ compliance and individual perception regarding institutions’ performance during the COVID-19 pandemic in Brazil. A web survey was conducted in Brazil between November 2020 and February 2021. Bivariate analysis and ordered logit regressions were performed to assess the association between NPIs compliance and perceived institutions’ performance. Results suggest a negative association between NPIs’ compliance and Federal Government and Ministry of health perceived performance, which may reflect the political positioning of the respondents. Moreover, we find a positive association between NPI compliance and the perceived performance of the remaining institutions (state government, federal supreme court, national congress, WHO, media and SUS). Our contribution goes beyond the study of a relationship between non-pharmaceutical interventions’ compliance and institutions’ performance, by pointing out the importance of subnational and local governmental spheres in a decentralized health system, as well as highlighting the importance of social communication based on health organizations’ information and scientific institutions.
Original languageEnglish
Article number0285289
JournalPLoS ONE
Volume18
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 12 May 2023

Keywords

  • COVID-19
  • Guideline Adherence
  • Humans
  • Local Government
  • Pandemics
  • Public Health

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Perceptions of institutional performance and compliance to non-pharmaceutical interventions: How performance perceptions and policy compliance affect public health in a decentralized health system'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this