Perceived influence over marine conservation: Determinants and implications of empowerment

Ana Nuno, Litoney Matos, Kristian Metcalfe, Brendan J. Godley, Annette C. Broderick

Research output: Contribution to journalLetterpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)
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Understanding empowerment is integral to facilitating sustainable use policies and requires assessing potential drivers. However, critical applications are rare in conservation. Using the island of Príncipe (São Tomé and Príncipe) as a case study, we undertook household surveys (N = 869) to assess potential drivers of psychological empowerment towards conservation, measured as the perceived abilities of people to individually or collectively influence marine conservation outcomes, accounting for gender. Law enforcement, collective influence, freedom of choice and action, environmental condition and living in coastal community were key variables for understanding perceived personal influence. In particular, no-fishing areas and raising awareness about sustainable practices were recommended by those with higher self-perceived influence. Such information on target groups and factors to promote is essential for facilitating empowerment towards conservation and laying robust foundations for resource comanagement, especially given the role communities can play in the face of limited state capacity and enforcement.
Original languageEnglish
Article numbere12790
Pages (from-to)1-12
Number of pages12
JournalConservation Letters
Issue number3
Early online date2021
Publication statusPublished - 2021


  • Coastal communities
  • Conservation social science
  • Fisheries comanagement
  • Gulf of Guinea
  • Psychological empowerment
  • Small island developing states
  • Small-scale fisheries
  • Sustainable development goals


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