Pediatric diabetes training for healthcare professionals in Europe: Time for change

N.H. Kime, S. Waldron, E. Webster, K. Lange, K. Zinken, T. Danne, B. Aschemeier, Z. Sumnik, O. Cinek, J.F. Raposo, A. Vazeou, N. Bratina, F. Campbell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)


Background: Training for healthcare professionals (HCPs) in Europe who care for children and young people (CYP) with type 1 diabetes and their families is variable depending on the country. Building on the work of SWEET (Better control in Pediatric and Adolescent diabeteS: Working to crEate CEnTers of Reference) and using the German Certified Diabetes Educators (CDEs) curriculum, a European collaboration of pediatric diabetes experts aimed to (1) establish current core elements that should be included in a pediatric diabetes education training course and (2) create a template for a European CDE's training curriculum. Methods: A qualitative methodology incorporating a survey questionnaire, focus group discussions, individual semi-structured interviews and workshops was employed to explore participants’ experiences and opinions. HCPs—pediatric consultants, diabetes nurses, dietitians and psychologists, national and local diabetes leads, academic and education leads and children, and young people with diabetes and families took part in the study. The total number of participants equaled 186. Results: A template for a European Certified Diabetes Educator Curriculum (EU-CDEC) was developed based on the themes that emerged from the participants’ expertise and experiences. This provides a model for HCPs’ pediatric diabetes training provision. Conclusions: There is a severe shortage of high quality, standardized training for HCPs across the majority of European countries. Lack of trained HCPs for CYP with diabetes will result in the delivery of suboptimal care and impact on health, wellbeing and clinical and psychological outcomes. The EU-CDEC template can be used to increase access to high quality training provision for all HCPs across Europe and worldwide. © 2017 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)578-585
Number of pages8
JournalPediatric diabetes
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - May 2018


  • education
  • healthcare professionals
  • pediatrics
  • training
  • type 1 diabetes


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