Oxidative stress in familial adenomatous polyposis

A. Brás, R Sanches, L Cristóvão, C Chagas, J Mexia, J. Rueff

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The prooxidant/antioxidant imbalance in familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP) is suggested by (i) the intimate connection between APC and prostaglandin H synthase-2 genes, (ii) the increase of the free radical-generating enzyme xanthine oxidase, and (iii) the decrease of antioxidant defences. In this research work we evaluated lipid peroxidation measuring the thiobarbituric acid (TBA) reactive products and we studied the activities of superoxide dismutase (SOD) and catalase as well as the levels of ascorbate and tocopherols in the peripheral blood cells from a total of 27 FAP patients and 83 normal controls. TBA-reactive products were determined according to a previously published method. SOD and catalase activities were determined by the spectrophotometric monitoring of the inhibition of pyrogallol autoxidation and the hydrogen peroxide decomposition rate, respectively. Ascorbate levels were determined by a modified 2,4-dinitrophenylhydrazine method and tocopherol levels by a modified Emmerie-Engle method. The levels of TBA-reactive products were higher in FAP patients than in normal controls. Although no statistically significant differences in SOD and catalase activities were observed between FAP patients and normal controls, we found that ascorbate and tocopherol levels were significantly lower in FAP patients than in normal controls, as assessed by the Mann-Whitney test. Hence, this finding of an imbalance in the prooxidant/antioxidant status may contribute towards new strategies for prevention and therapy in FAP patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)305-10
Number of pages6
JournalEuropean journal of cancer prevention : the official journal of the European Cancer Prevention Organisation (ECP)
Volume8
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Aug 1999

Keywords

  • Adenomatous Polyposis Coli
  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Ascorbic Acid
  • Biomarkers, Tumor
  • Family Health
  • Humans
  • Lipid Peroxidation
  • Malondialdehyde
  • Middle Aged
  • Oxidative Stress
  • Reactive Oxygen Species
  • Vitamin E
  • Journal Article
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

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