Outlook on the phase equilibria of the innovative system of "protected glycerol": 1,4-dioxaspiro[4.5]decane-2-methanol and alternative solvents

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Fundamental data on 1,4-dioxaspiro[4.5]decane-2-methanol are scarce. This work presents the foremost systematic data on the solubility of 1,4-dioxaspiro[4.5]decane-2-methanol in sustainable solvents such as water and ionic liquids accompanied by the interpretation of interactions occurring in such binary systems. 1,4-Dioxaspiro[4.5]decane-2-methanol, here called protected glycerol, has been synthesized in order to protect the two hydroxyl groups of glycerol, thus avoiding the formation of side products in a specific process. A series of imidazolium salts accompanied by pyridinium, phosphonium, and ammonium ones with various types of counterions were used in this study. The liquid-liquid and solid-liquid equilibrium measurements in binary systems were carried out by using a dynamic method at atmospheric pressure over the temperature range from 273.00 to 378.30 K or below the boiling point of the solvent. Among all tested sustainable solvents, protected glycerol exhibited limited solubility, with only a few of them in the temperature range studied. The majority of the examined ionic liquids, either hydrophilic or hydrophobic, showed complete miscibility with this monohydroxyol. The Fourier-transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy studies of solute and solvents showing a miscibility gap and of their mixtures were performed to obtain insight into major inter- and intramolecular interactions in the investigated systems. Furthermore, the differential scanning calorimetry was used for the first time to determine the melting point, the enthalpy of melting, and the temperature and enthalpy of the solid-solid phase transition of 1-allyl-3-methylimidazolium chloride [Amim][Cl]. The results for the solubility of protected glycerol in sustainable solvents can be used to design future alternative reactions, such as telomerization with protected glycerol in ionic liquids for more specific building blocks and extraction/or separation that involves these mixtures.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1765-1773
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry A
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 23 Feb 2012


  • 1-allyl-3-methylimidazolium chlorides
  • Hydroxyl groups
  • Alternative solvents
  • Binary systems
  • Building blockes
  • Counterions
  • Dynamic method
  • FTIR
  • Interpretation of interactions
  • Side products
  • Imidazolium salt
  • Innovative systems
  • Pyridinium
  • Miscibility gap
  • Liquid-liquids
  • Intramolecular interactions


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