Out of Sight, Out of Mind? External Voting and the Political Representation of Portuguese Emigrants

Marco Lisi, Ana Maria Belchior, Manuel Abrantes, Joana Azevedo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)


Over recent decades, emigrants have gained expanded voting rights on a global scale. Despite the normative debates about this issue, there are few empirical studies on why states decide to implement external voting and how electoral systems perform. This article seeks to fill this gap by looking at the Portuguese case. Our study suggests that a combination of political and socio-economic factors explains the implementation of external voting. On the other hand, the interests of political parties and the low level of civil society engagement are key to determining the failure of electoral reforms and the attempts to overcome the shortcomings of external voting.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)265-285
Number of pages21
JournalSouth European Society And Politics
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 3 Apr 2015


  • External Voting
  • Emigrants
  • Citizenship
  • Electoral Systems
  • Voting Rights
  • Portugal
  • VOTE

Cite this