OsICE1 transcription factor improves photosynthetic performance and reduces grain losses in rice plants subjected to drought

Subhash Chander, Diego M. Almeida, Tânia S. Serra, Douglas Jardim-Messeder, Pedro M. Barros, Tiago F. Lourenço, Duarte D. Figueiredo, Marcia Margis-Pinheiro, Joaquim Miguel Costa, M. Margarida Oliveira, Nelson J.M. Saibo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Drought is a major environmental threat to agriculture sustainability. We have characterised the role of OsICE1, a basic helix-loop-helix (bHLH) transcription factor from rice (Oryza sativa L.), in response to drought. OsICE1 gene is constitutively expressed in roots and shoots of rice seedlings grown under control conditions, as well as in response to low temperature, high salinity, and ABA. Nevertheless, in response to drought, OsICE1 is up-regulated in roots. Plants over-expressing OsICE1 (OsICE1-OX) show improved drought tolerance at both vegetative and reproductive stages, whereas OsICE1 silenced plants (OsICE1-RNAi) show decreased drought tolerance in the same phenological stages. Under drought, OsICE1-OX plants show improved net photosynthetic rates and stomatal conductance to water vapour, as well as higher photochemical efficiency of photosystem II and tolerance to photo-inhibition, as compared to the WT and OsICE1-RNAi. In addition, under severe drought, OsICE1-OX plants show lower grain yield losses than WT, while OsICE1-RNAi plants show the highest grain losses. OsICE1-OX and OsICE1-RNAi plants do not differentially respond to ABA, and drought-inducible genes are more responsive in OsICE1-RNAi and less in OsICE1-OX plants (as compared to WT), suggesting that OsICE1 has a central role modulating molecular responses to drought in an ABA-independent way. This role might be mediated by OsWsi18, a LEA encoding gene up regulated in OsICE1-OX rice plants and known to enhance membrane stability under drought.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)88-98
Number of pages11
JournalEnvironmental and Experimental Botany
Volume150
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2018

Keywords

  • Abiotic stress
  • Cold
  • Leaf gas exchange
  • Photosynthesis
  • Salinity
  • Transcription factor
  • Water stress

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