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This work aimed to evaluate whether the established scientific knowledge for machining homogeneous and isotropic materials remains valid for machining additively manufactured parts. The machinability of thin-walled structures produced through two different variants of wire and arc additive manufacturing (WAAM) was studied, namely conventional MIG deposition and the innovative hot forging variant (HF-WAAM). Cutting operations were carried out varying the undeformed chip thickness (UCT) and the cutting speed, using a tool rake angle of 25°. A systematic comparison was made between the existing theoretical principles and the obtained practical results of the orthogonal cutting process, where the relation between the material properties (hardness, grain size, yield strength) and important machining outcomes (cutting forces, specific cutting energy, friction, shear stress, chip formation and surface roughness) is addressed. Additionally, high-speed camera records were used to evaluate the generated shear angle and chip formation process during the experimental tests. The machinability indicators shown that, through the appropriate selection of the cutting parameters, machining forces and energy consumption can be reduced up to 12%, when machining the mechanical improved additive manufactured material. Therefore, it has been confirmed the feasibility of machining such materials following the traditional machining principles, without compromising the surface quality requirements.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4439-4459
Number of pages21
JournalInternational Journal Of Advanced Manufacturing Technology
Issue number7-8
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2022


  • Chip formation
  • Hot Forging Wire and Arc Additive Manufacturing (HF-WAAM)
  • HSLA steel
  • Orthogonal cutting
  • WAAM


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