Oral hygiene habits in Portugal

results from the first Health Examination Survey (INSEF 2015)

Joana Santos, Liliana Antunes, Sónia Namorado, Irina Kislaya, Ana João Santos, Ana Paula Rodrigues, Paula Braz, Vânia Gaio, Marta Barreto, Heidi Lyshol, Baltazar Nunes, Carlos Manuel Matias Dias

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Oral health is a determinant for quality of life and preventive behaviours such as regular tooth brushing can reduce the risk of a wide spectrum of oral diseases. Adopting preventive behaviours increases the likelihood of being healthy and can be conditioned by demographic and socio-economic factors. Objective: This study aims to describe preventive oral hygiene behaviours in the Portuguese population and assess their association with sociodemographic and socioeconomic factors. Material and methods: A cross-sectional epidemiologic study was developed using data from the first Portuguese National Health Examination Survey. The target population comprised Portuguese community-dwelling residents aged between 25 and 74 years old. The percentage of individuals who brushed their teeth at least twice a day, provided that once was before sleeping, was considered the indicator showing a preventive behaviour, as this is recommended by the General Directorate of Health in Portugal. Poisson regression was used to identify factors independently associated with this behaviour. Results: Sixty-five per cent of the participants reported tooth brushing as recommended. The prevalence of adoption of this preventive behaviour was higher among those living in urban areas and those who have higher educational level. Results show an association between being male and having low educational level with lesser adoption of preventive oral health behaviours. Conclusion: These findings suggest a need for integrated approaches, from measures tackling social inequalities to actions focused on improving health literacy. It is also important to expand dental healthcare services and improve effective coverage to increase access for rural population.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)334-339
JournalActa Odontologica Scandinavica
Volume77
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2019

Fingerprint

Portugal
Oral Hygiene
Health Surveys
Habits
Tooth
Oral Health
Mouth Diseases
Independent Living
Health Literacy
Health Services Needs and Demand
Health Behavior
Rural Population
Epidemiologic Studies
Cross-Sectional Studies
Economics
Quality of Life
Demography
Delivery of Health Care
Health
Population

Keywords

  • health determinants
  • Health Examination Survey
  • INSEF
  • Oral hygiene

Cite this

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title = "Oral hygiene habits in Portugal: results from the first Health Examination Survey (INSEF 2015)",
abstract = "Oral health is a determinant for quality of life and preventive behaviours such as regular tooth brushing can reduce the risk of a wide spectrum of oral diseases. Adopting preventive behaviours increases the likelihood of being healthy and can be conditioned by demographic and socio-economic factors. Objective: This study aims to describe preventive oral hygiene behaviours in the Portuguese population and assess their association with sociodemographic and socioeconomic factors. Material and methods: A cross-sectional epidemiologic study was developed using data from the first Portuguese National Health Examination Survey. The target population comprised Portuguese community-dwelling residents aged between 25 and 74 years old. The percentage of individuals who brushed their teeth at least twice a day, provided that once was before sleeping, was considered the indicator showing a preventive behaviour, as this is recommended by the General Directorate of Health in Portugal. Poisson regression was used to identify factors independently associated with this behaviour. Results: Sixty-five per cent of the participants reported tooth brushing as recommended. The prevalence of adoption of this preventive behaviour was higher among those living in urban areas and those who have higher educational level. Results show an association between being male and having low educational level with lesser adoption of preventive oral health behaviours. Conclusion: These findings suggest a need for integrated approaches, from measures tackling social inequalities to actions focused on improving health literacy. It is also important to expand dental healthcare services and improve effective coverage to increase access for rural population.",
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Oral hygiene habits in Portugal : results from the first Health Examination Survey (INSEF 2015). / Santos, Joana; Antunes, Liliana; Namorado, Sónia; Kislaya, Irina; João Santos, Ana; Rodrigues, Ana Paula; Braz, Paula; Gaio, Vânia; Barreto, Marta; Lyshol, Heidi; Nunes, Baltazar; Matias Dias, Carlos Manuel.

In: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica, Vol. 77, No. 5, 01.01.2019, p. 334-339.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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T1 - Oral hygiene habits in Portugal

T2 - results from the first Health Examination Survey (INSEF 2015)

AU - Santos, Joana

AU - Antunes, Liliana

AU - Namorado, Sónia

AU - Kislaya, Irina

AU - João Santos, Ana

AU - Rodrigues, Ana Paula

AU - Braz, Paula

AU - Gaio, Vânia

AU - Barreto, Marta

AU - Lyshol, Heidi

AU - Nunes, Baltazar

AU - Matias Dias, Carlos Manuel

PY - 2019/1/1

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